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Cinzia Giannini: Supra and Sub Molecular Investigation of Pathologic Tissues by X-Ray Scanning Microscopy

Seminarium

Tid: 2019-10-14 14:15 till: 15:00
Plats: Kemicentrum, Lecture hall F
Kontakt: ulf [dot] olsson [at] fkem1 [dot] lu [dot] se
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A Physical Chemistry seminar by Dr Cinzia Giannini, Institute of Crystallography, National Research Council, Bari, Italy.

 

Abstract

X-ray Small and Wide Scattering scanning microscopies have been adopted to inspect morphological and structural properties of collagen-based tissues at the atomic and nano scale [1]. Examples will be discussed on specific pathologies:

-  osteoarthritis of the hip, also named osteoarthrosis of the hip or coxarthrosis, which is a chronic degenerative disorder of the hip joint, causing growing articular pain that can bring the patient to lifestyle limitations until surgical intervention is needed [2]

-  keratoconus, a pathology affecting cornea, which causes progressive thinning of the stroma and consequently abnormal curvature, inducing irregular astigmatism and myopia, corneal fibrosis, and distortion of vision, due to the modification in the organization of the corneal collagen [3]

-  abdominal aortic aneurysm, that occurs in the major artery from the hearth that supplies blood to the abdomen, and popliteal aneurysm, that takes place in the legs, behind the knees, characterized by alteration of collagen structure into vessel’s wall of the aneurysm tissues, heterogeneous grade of inflammation related to infiltrating cells and extracellular matrix changes, in particular disruption of elastic fibers, fibrosis and calcifications [4].

-  diabetes mellitus, a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period due to defects in insulin action or secretion, which causes collagen to have a fixed orientation, stiffen the tissue and is likely to disrupt the normal cell interactions [5]

 

[1]  Lens Less Scanning X-ray Microscopy with SAXS and WAXS contrast.

C. Giannini, D. Altamura, B. Maria Aresta, T. Sibillano, D. Siliqi, L. De Caro. Book Title: Synthesis and characterization of inorganic micro and nano-materials. Edited by: A. Dibenedetto, M. Aresta, Published  2013 by De Gruyter

[2]  Scanning SAXS-WAXS microscopy on osteoarthritis-affected bone - an age-related study.

C. Giannini, D. Siliqi, M. Ladisa, D. Altamura, A. Diaz, A. Beraudi, T. Sibillano, L. De Caro, S. Stea, F. Baruffaldi and O. Bunk. J. APPL. CRYST. 47, 110-117 (2014)

[3]  Interfibrillar Packing of Bovine Cornea By Table-Top And Synchrotron Scanning SAXS Microscopy.

T. Sibillano, L. De Caro, F. Scattarella, G. Scarcelli, D. Siliqi, D. Altamura, M. Liebi, M. Ladisa, O. Bunk and C. Giannini. J. APPL. CRYST. 49, 1240-1244 (2016)

[4]  X-Ray scanning microscopies of microcalcifications in abdominal aortic and popliteal artery aneurysms

Cinzia Giannini, Massimo Ladisa, Viviane Lutz-Bueno, Alberta Terzi, Martina Ramella, Luca Fusaro, Davide Altamura, Dritan Siliqi, Teresa Sibillano, Ana Diaz, Francesca Boccafoschi and Oliver Bunk. IUCrJ 6(2), 267-276 ( 2019)

[5]  Scanning X-ray Microdiffraction of Decellularized Pericardium Tissue at Increasing Glucose Concentration

C. Giannini, A. Terzi, L. Fusaro, T. Sibillano, A. Diaz, M. Ramella, V. Lutz-Bueno, F.  Boccafoschi and O. Bunk. JOURNAL OF BIOPHOTONICS e201900106. (2019)